Five Phases of Speed

Five Phases of Speed

For athletes trying to increase their speed, the following phases are important to remember while training:

  1. START AND ACCELERATION
    To maximize your potential acceleration, you need to develop greater force-to-ground power, train to correct muscular imbalances and perfect your start/take-off technique by minimizing extra body movements.
  2. STRIDE LENGTH
    The ability to lengthen your stride will allow greater ground coverage in shorter amount of time. However, there is an optimal length and point past which over-striding can have a negative impact. To avoid this, training should include balance, flexibility and strength.
  3. STRIDE FREQUENCY (NUMBER OF STEPS)
    A focus on increasing stride rate on acceleration, in conjunction with stride length, results in a greater number of steps over a greater distance, which increases the ground covered.
  4. SPEED ENDURANCE
    Speed endurance is a crucial element of athleticism where you must be able to maintain top speed for extended periods of time.
  5. FORM AND TECHNIQUE
    A consistent form running program will help to maximize power, strength and efficiency.

Optimizing body control along with increasing power output gives our athletes a greater advantage to succeed on the field. At the Marshall Sports Medicine Institute, we focus on these five phases along with injury prevention exercises. For more information, call 304-691-1880.

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Kevin Brooks

Kevin is a certified athletic trainer for Huntington Prep School’s men’s basketball team and all Cabell County middle schools through a community outreach program with the Marshall Sports Medicine Institute. He is also a certified strength and conditioning specialist.

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