Five Phases of Speed
by Kevin Brooks
For athletes trying to increase their speed, the following phases are important to remember while training:
- START AND ACCELERATION
To maximize your potential acceleration, you need to develop greater force-to-ground power, train to correct muscular imbalances and perfect your start/take-off technique by minimizing extra body movements.
- STRIDE LENGTH
The ability to lengthen your stride will allow greater ground coverage in shorter amount of time. However, there is an optimal length and point past which over-striding can have a negative impact. To avoid this, training should include balance, flexibility and strength.
- STRIDE FREQUENCY (NUMBER OF STEPS)
A focus on increasing stride rate on acceleration, in conjunction with stride length, results in a greater number of steps over a greater distance, which increases the ground covered.
- SPEED ENDURANCE
Speed endurance is a crucial element of athleticism where you must be able to maintain top speed for extended periods of time.
- FORM AND TECHNIQUE
A consistent form running program will help to maximize power, strength and efficiency.
Optimizing body control along with increasing power output gives our athletes a greater advantage to succeed on the field. At the Marshall Sports Medicine Institute, we focus on these five phases along with injury prevention exercises. For more information, call 304-691-1880.
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